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Career as Chartered Accountant

Chartered Accountant

Chartered Accountant (CA) is an exceptional career choice for individuals passionate about numbers, finance, and making a significant impact on businesses. CAs play a vital role in the financial landscape, serving as trusted advisors and experts in various financial aspects. From auditing to taxation, financial reporting to management consulting, their expertise is highly sought after by organizations across industries.


In order to become a Chartered Accountant, one must pass the rigorous CA examination, which is a hallmark of excellence in the field. There are three stages in the exam: Foundation, Intermediate, and Final. In order to succeed in this field, one must be dedicated, disciplined, and have a comprehensive understanding of business ethics, laws, and accounting principles.


The Foundation level is the starting point, designed to build a strong foundation in accounting, economics, business law, and quantitative aptitude. It's a stepping stone that equips aspiring CAs with essential knowledge and skills.


Upon clearing the Foundation level, candidates move to the Intermediate stage, which delves deeper into the realms of financial accounting, auditing, taxation, and commercial knowledge. This stage demands a more comprehensive understanding of financial reporting standards, advanced auditing techniques, and taxation laws.


Finally, the aspiring CAs face the Final examination, which assesses their proficiency in various subjects like financial reporting, strategic financial management, advanced auditing and professional ethics, and advanced management accounting. It also includes practical training requirements, where candidates gain hands-on experience working under a practicing Chartered Accountant.


The CA exam is well-known for its rigorous evaluation process, which combines theoretical and practical knowledge. Candidates must be able to demonstrate critical thinking, analytical skills, and the ability to deal with complex financial scenarios. Furthermore, the exam emphasizes professional ethics, ensuring that CAs practice with the highest levels of integrity, confidentiality, and objectivity.


After passing the CA examination, a candidate joins a prestigious professional body and earns the title of Chartered Accountant. This creates numerous opportunities in both the public and private sectors. CAs can work for auditing firms, consulting firms, financial institutions, and multinational corporations, or even start their own firms.


To summarize, a career as a Chartered Accountant provides a challenging yet rewarding path for individuals who have a strong interest in finance and accounting. The CA examination validates their knowledge, skills, and dedication to excellence. CAs' expertise is invaluable to the financial well-being of organizations, and they play a critical role in shaping business decisions in today's dynamic and competitive world.



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Eligibility Criteria

Eligibility Criteria for CA Foundation Route:

To appear for the Foundation examination, candidates must fulfill the following eligibility criteria:

  • Education: The candidate should have successfully passed the Class 12 examination or its equivalent from a recognized board.
  • Registration: Candidates need to register with the Board of Studies and complete a study period of four months before they are eligible to appear for the Foundation examination.

Eligibility Criteria for CA Direct Entry Route:

For direct entry to the CA Intermediate course, candidates must meet the following eligibility criteria:

  • Commerce Graduates/Postgraduates: Candidates from the Commerce stream need to have scored a minimum aggregate of 55 percent or an equivalent grade. They should have studied subjects such as Accounting, Auditing, Mercantile Laws, Corp...

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Skills required for Course
  • Business Acumen
  • Financial Analysis
  • Problem solving and analyzing skills
  • Time Management
  • Attention to detail

Types of Job Roles

The key responsibilities of a Chartered Accountant typically include:

  • Financial Reporting: Prepare and analyze accurate financial statements, ensuring compliance with accounting standards and providing insights into an organization's financial health.
  • Audit and Assurance: Conduct audits to assess the reliability of financial information, internal controls, and compliance with regulations, providing assurance to stakeholders.
  • Taxation: Handle tax-related matters, including planning, compliance, and minimizing tax liabilities for individuals and businesses.
  • Financial Planning and Analysis: Provide financial insights through analysis, forecasting, and budgeting to support strategic decision-making and optimize financial performance.
  • Compliance and Governance: Ensure adherence to financial regulations, corporate governance standards, and ethical practices, establishing effective controls and risk management systems.


​​​​​​Each country's professional accounting body regulates the admission procedure to become a Chartered Accountant (CA), which normally entails a number of phases. An overview of the application procedure to become a chartered accountant is provided below:

  • Register for the Foundation Course: The very first step in the whole process is to register for the Foundation Course, which is the entry-level course for CA. Eligible candidates can register with the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India (ICAI), the governing body for the CA profession in India. The Foundation Course registration can be done online through the ICAI website or designated regional offices.
  • Clear the Foundation Examination: Candidates need to prepare and clear the Foundation Examination. The examination is conducted twice a year, in May and November. The exam consists of four papers such as Principles and Practice of Accounting, Business Laws and Business Correspondence, Business Mathematics and Logical Reasoning, and Business Economics and Business and Commercial Knowledge.
  • Enroll for Intermediate Course: Once candidates clear the Foundation Examination, they can enroll for the Intermediate Course. Candidates can register for the Intermediate Course after qualifying for the Foundation Examination or while pursuing their graduation. TRegistrationcan be done online through the ICAI website or regional offices.
  • Complete Articleship: During the Intermediate Course, candidates are required to undergo a practical training program called Articleship. Candidates need to register as Articled Assistants with a practicing Chartered Accountant for three years. The Articleship provides practical exposure and experience in various areas of accounting, auditing, taxation, and other related fields.
  • Appear for Intermediate Examination: After completion of at least eight months of the Articleship, candidates become eligible to appear for the Intermediate Examination. The Intermediate Examination consists of two groups, each comprising four papers. Candidates can appear for the examination in May and November every year.
  • Register for the CA Final Course: After clearing either one or both groups of the Intermediate Examination, candidates can register for the CA Final Course. Registration for the Final Course can be done online through the ICAI website or regional offices.


  • Complete Advanced Integrated Course on Information Technology and Soft Skills (AICITSS): During the Final Course, candidates need to complete the AICITSS program. It consists of two courses: Information Technology and Orientation Program and Management and Communication Skills. The courses aim to develop IT and soft skills necessary for a Chartered Accountant.
  • Complete Final Examination: After completion of the AICITSS program and at least two and a half years of Articleship, candidates become eligible to appear for the CA Final Examination. The Final Examination consists of two groups, each comprising four papers. Candidates can appear for the examination in May and November every year.
  • Clear the Final Examination and Complete Articleship: Candidates need to clear both groups of the Final Examination to become eligible for membership in the ICAI. Additionally, they need to complete their three-year Articleship and fulfill any other requirements set by the ICAI.
  • Apply for Membership: Once candidates successfully clear the Final Examination and complete Articleship, they can apply for membership with the ICAI. Upon approval, candidates are awarded the prestigious designation of Chartered Accountant (CA) and become eligible to practice as a professional accountant in India.

It's important to remember that different countries and accounting authorities may have different rules and processes. For the most accurate and current information on the admission process to become a Chartered Accountant, it is therefore advised to consult the website of the accounting organization in your nation.



Here is a list of subjects for the CA exams in India:


CA Foundation Level:

  • Principles and Practices of Accounting
  • Business Laws and Business Correspondence and Reporting
  • Business Mathematics and Logical Reasoning & Statistics
  • Business Economics and Business and Commercial Knowledge


CA Intermediate Level:


Group 1:

  • Accounting
  • Corporate and Other Laws
  • Cost and Management Accounting
  • Taxation (Part I: Income Tax | Part II: Indirect Taxes)


Group 2:

  • Advanced Accounting
  • Auditing and Assurance
  • Enterprise Information Systems & Strategic Management
  • Financial Management & Economics for Finance


CA Final Level:


Group 1:

  • Financial Reporting
  • Strategic Financial Management
  • Advanced Auditing and Professional Ethics
  • Corporate and Economic Laws


Group 2:

  • Strategic Cost Management and Performance Evaluation
  • Elective Papers (Candidates can choose one out of various elective papers available, such as Risk Management, Financial Services and Capital Markets, International Taxation, Economic Laws, etc.)
  • Direct Tax Laws and International Taxation
  • Indirect Tax Laws


These subjects cover a comprehensive range of topics relevant to accounting, finance, taxation, auditing, business laws, and strategic management. The syllabus and subjects may be revised by the ICAI periodically, so it's important to refer to the official ICAI website or relevant study materials for the most up-to-date and accurate information on the subjects included in the CA exams in India.

Prep Books

Here are some popular prep books for CA exams:

  • "A Handbook on Corporate and Other Laws for CA Inter (New Syllabus)" by Munish Bhandari
  • "Students' Guide to Accounting Standards (CA-Intermediate, IPCC Group-I)" by DS Rawat
  • "Advanced Auditing & Professional Ethics (CA-Final-New Syllabus)" by Surbhi Bansal
  • "Cost Accounting and Financial Management (CA-Inter, IPCC Group-I)" by Ravi M. Kishore
  • "Direct Taxes (CA-Final-New Syllabus)" by Vinod Gupta
  • "Indirect Taxes (CA-Final-New Syllabus)" by Mohd. Rafi
  • "Study Material on Strategic Financial Management (CA-Final-New Syllabus)" by ICAI


What are the career prospects for CAs?

CAs have diverse career opportunities. They can work in public accounting firms, corporate finance departments, government organizations, banks, consulting firms, or establish their own practices. CAs can also pursue roles in finance, taxation, internal auditing, risk management, or even become entrepreneurs.

What is the duration of the CA course?

The CA course consists of three levels: Foundation, Intermediate, and Final. The duration of the course typically ranges from 3 to 5 years, depending on individual progression and examination attempts.

How difficult is the CA exam?

The CA exams are known to be challenging due to their comprehensive syllabus and rigorous examination process. They require dedicated preparation, consistent effort, and a deep understanding of the subjects. However, with proper guidance and diligent study, it is possible to excel in the CA exams.

What is the average salary of a CA fresher?

The salary of a CA fresher can vary based on factors such as location, industry, job role, and employer. On average, CA fresher salaries in India range from approximately ₹6 to ₹10 lakhs per year, but this can vary significantly.

Can I pursue CA along with other courses or degrees?

Yes,one can pursue CA along with other course/degree.