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Career as Doctor


A doctor is a highly skilled and respected healthcare professional who plays a crucial role in the medical field. With extensive medical knowledge and expertise, doctors diagnose and treat various illnesses, injuries, and diseases to improve the overall health and well-being of their patients.


The journey to becoming a doctor is rigorous and demanding. It typically begins with a bachelor's degree in a science-related field, followed by four years of medical school. After completing medical school, aspiring doctors undertake a residency program, where they gain practical experience and specialized training in a specific area of medicine. This can take several years, depending on the chosen specialization.


Doctors work in a variety of settings, including hospitals, clinics, private practices, and research institutions. They collaborate with other healthcare professionals, such as nurses, surgeons, and specialists, to provide comprehensive and coordinated patient care. Doctors are responsible for conducting thorough medical examinations, ordering diagnostic tests, interpreting test results, prescribing medications, and developing treatment plans tailored to each patient's needs.


In addition to their clinical duties, doctors also engage in continuous learning and research to stay updated with the latest medical advancements. They attend conferences, read scientific literature, and participate in ongoing professional development activities to enhance their skills and knowledge. Being a doctor requires strong interpersonal skills, empathy, and the ability to communicate effectively with patients and their families. Doctors often encounter patients in vulnerable and stressful situations, so they must exhibit compassion and provide emotional support along with medical expertise.


The field of medicine offers various specialties, including pediatrics, cardiology, oncology, neurology, and many more. Doctors can choose to specialize in a specific area based on their interests and aptitude.


Overall, the career of a doctor is intellectually stimulating, emotionally rewarding, and challenging. Doctors have the opportunity to make a significant impact on people's lives by alleviating suffering, promoting health, and contributing to medical advancements that shape the future of healthcare.

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Eligibility Criteria

The eligibility criteria for pursuing a doctorate program in India are crucial factors that aspiring medical professionals need to fulfill. These criteria serve as the foundation for admission to medical colleges and universities across the country.


To be eligible for a doctorate program in India, candidates are generally required to possess a Bachelor's degree in medicine (MBBS) or its equivalent from a recognized institution. The completion of an internship or a mandatory rotational residential internship is also mandatory for most programs. It is essential to note that specific universities or colleges may have additional requirements or variations in the eligibility criteria, so thorough research and understanding of individual institution guidelines are necessary.


In addition to the academic qualifications, candidates are required to qualify for national-level entrance exams. The Nationa...

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Skills required for Course
  • Medical Knowledge
  • Diagnostic Skills
  • Decision-making
  • Clinical Expertise
  • Empathy and Bedside Manner
  • Time Management

Types of Job Roles

Job roles for doctors encompass a wide range of positions, depending on their medical specialization, experience level, and the environment they work in. Here are several common job roles for doctors:

  • Patient Diagnosis: A doctor is responsible for examining patients, reviewing medical histories, and conducting thorough physical examinations to diagnose illnesses, injuries, or conditions accurately.
  • Treatment Planning: Based on the diagnosis, doctors develop comprehensive treatment plans, which may include prescribing medications, recommending therapies, or suggesting surgical interventions.
  • Medical Procedures: Doctors perform various medical procedures such as administering vaccinations, conducting minor surgeries, suturing wounds, and providing emergency care to stabilize patients.
  • Disease Management: Doctors play a vital role in managing chronic diseases by monitoring patients' conditions, adjusting treatment plans, and providing ongoing medical support to improve patients' quality of life.
  • Health Promotion and Prevention: Doctors educate patients about preventive measures and healthy lifestyle choices to prevent diseases and maintain optimal health. They may offer guidance on nutrition, exercise, and stress management.
  • Collaboration with Healthcare Teams: Doctors collaborate with other healthcare professionals, including nurses, specialists, and therapists, to ensure coordinated and effective patient care. They consult with colleagues and refer patients when necessary.
  • Medical Research and Innovation: Many doctors actively engage in medical research, contributing to advancements in healthcare. They participate in clinical trials, conduct studies, and stay updated with the latest medical developments to provide evidence-based care.
  • Patient Advocacy: Doctors serve as advocates for their patients, ensuring their rights and preferences are respected. They communicate with patients and their families, providing empathetic support and addressing their concerns.
  • Continuous Learning and Professional Development: Doctors engage in lifelong learning, attending conferences, and seminars, and pursuing additional certifications to stay updated with medical advancements and provide the best possible care to their patients.
  • Ethical Practice: Doctors adhere to ethical principles, maintaining patient confidentiality, respecting privacy, and prioritizing the well-being and safety of their patients above all else.


India offers excellent opportunities for aspiring medical professionals, with its renowned institutions and rich medical heritage. Admission to a doctorate program in India is a gateway to a fulfilling career in the field of medicine. However, securing a seat in a reputed institution requires careful planning and meticulous preparation.


To begin the admission process, candidates must meet the eligibility criteria specified by the respective universities or medical colleges. Generally, this includes a Bachelor's degree in medicine (MBBS) or its equivalent, along with a valid score in national-level entrance exams such as NEET PG (National Eligibility cum Entrance Test for Postgraduate Medical Courses). It is essential to stay updated with the latest admission guidelines and requirements set by the authorities.


In addition to academic qualifications, applicants must showcase their passion, dedication, and relevant experience in the medical field. A well-crafted statement of purpose (SOP) detailing their aspirations, research interests, and reasons for pursuing a doctorate program can significantly enhance their chances of securing admission. It is crucial to ensure that the SOP reflects the candidate's unique voice and is free from plagiarism.


Furthermore, letters of recommendation from professors, mentors, or medical professionals who have closely worked with the candidate can provide valuable insights into their capabilities and potential as a doctoral candidate. These recommendations should be genuine, highlighting the candidate's skills, expertise, and ability to contribute to the field of medicine.


Lastly, it is advisable to thoroughly research and shortlist institutions based on their reputation, faculty expertise, research opportunities, and infrastructure. This information can guide candidates in selecting the institutions that align with their academic and career goals.


Securing admission for a doctorate program in India is a competitive process, and candidates must put their best foot forward to stand out from the crowd. By meeting the eligibility criteria, crafting an original statement of purpose, obtaining strong recommendations, and selecting suitable institutions, aspiring doctors can increase their chances of gaining admission to prestigious medical programs in India.



Subjects for doctors encompass a diverse array of medical disciplines that are fundamental to their comprehensive education and training. These subjects equip doctors with the necessary knowledge and skills to diagnose, treat, and manage various medical conditions. Some essential subjects for doctors include:

  • Internal Medicine: The focus is on diagnosing and treating a broad range of diseases in adults.

  • Pediatrics: This specialization centers on providing care to infants, children, and adolescents.

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology: This field revolves around women's reproductive health and managing childbirth.

  • Surgery: Doctors in this specialty perform surgical procedures to address a wide array of medical conditions.

  • Orthopedics: This specialization deals with issues and injuries related to the musculoskeletal system.

  • Cardiology: Specialists in this field concentrate on heart diseases and cardiovascular well-being.

  • Dermatology: These doctors treat disorders of the skin, hair, and nails.

These subjects serve as the building blocks of a doctor's medical education, enabling them to develop expertise in their chosen medical specialty. Throughout their careers, doctors continually update their knowledge to provide the best possible care to their patients.

Prep Books

  • "Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine"
  • "Gray's Anatomy" 
  • "Robbins and Cotran Pathologic Basis of Disease" 
  • "Clinical Examination" by Talley and O'Connor 
  • "Essentials of Medical Pharmacology" by KD Tripathi 
  • "Principles and Practice of Surgery" by Schwartz
  • "Basic and Clinical Biostatistics" by Dawson and Trapp 
  • "Principles of Medical Biochemistry" by Meisenberg and Simmons 


These prep books cover a wide range of medical disciplines, providing doctors with valuable resources to enhance their knowledge, clinical skills, and decision-making abilities in their respective fields.


How long does it take to become a doctor?

The journey to becoming a doctor typically takes around 11 to 15 years, depending on the medical specialty and additional training pursued.

How do doctors keep up with medical advancements?

Doctors engage in continuing medical education (CME) and attend conferences, workshops, and seminars to stay updated with the latest medical research and advancements.

Can doctors specialize in more than one area?

Yes, some doctors may choose to pursue dual or multiple medical specialties through additional training and fellowships.