aajtak campus

Career as Family Lawyer

Family Lawyer

Family law is a specialized area of law that deals with legal issues related to families and domestic relationships, such as divorce, child custody, adoption, and domestic violence. Family lawyers are responsible for representing clients in varied legal matters regarding their family life, such as drafting legal documents, negotiating settlements, and representing clients in court. This highly competitive and challenging field requires excellent communication and interpersonal skills, as well as strong analytical and problem-solving abilities. A career in family law can be both financially and emotionally rewarding, as family lawyers deal with clients to help navigate some of the most difficult and sensitive issues they face in their lives.


In India, family law is governed by a range of different laws and statutes, including the Hindu Marriage Act, the Special Marriage Act, and the Muslim Personal Law. To become a family lawyer in India, individuals need to complete a Bachelor of Laws (LLB) degree from a recognized university, followed by a period of practical training and a qualifying examination. After which, individuals can choose to specialize in family law by pursuing a Master of Laws (LLM) degree or by working under an experienced family lawyer as an associate.


Family lawyers in India work under private law firms, government agencies, and non-profit organizations. In addition to legal knowledge and expertise, family lawyers in India also need to be familiar with the cultural and social norms of the communities they serve, as family law issues often involve complex cultural and religious considerations. To succeed as a family lawyer in India, individuals need to have a strong work ethic, be committed to their clients' needs, and be willing to constantly learn and adapt to new legal developments and trends. Family law is a dynamic and constantly evolving field, with new legal issues and challenges arising all the time, so it's essential to stay up-to- date with the latest legal developments and trends.

Read More


Eligibility Criteria

A family lawyer is an attorney who practices in this area of law. In order to become a family lawyer, there are certain eligibility criteria that need to be fulfilled:


  • Educational Qualifications: To become a family lawyer, one needs to have a bachelor's degree in law (LLB) from a recognized university. The duration of the LLB course is generally three years, and it covers various aspects of law including family law.
  • Internship: After completing the LLB course, aspiring family lawyers need to undergo a one-year internship with a law firm or a practicing lawyer. This internship provides practical exposure and experience in handling various legal matters related to family law.
  • Bar Exam: After completing the internship, candidates need to clear the Bar exam conducted by the Bar Council of India. This exam tests the candidate's knowledge of legal procedures and their abil...

Read More

Skills required for Course
  • Empathy and Compassion
  • Communication
  • Mediation and Conflict Resolution
  • Analytical and Problem-Solving Skills
  • Analytical and Problem-Solving Skills
  • Client Management

Types of Job Roles

A family lawyer is a legal professional who specializes in handling legal matters related to family and domestic relationships. The job roles and responsibilities of a family lawyer are diverse and can include the following:


  • Providing legal advice: One of the primary roles of a family lawyer is to provide legal advice to clients regarding various family law matters such as divorce, child custody, alimony, adoption, and property division. They help clients understand their legal rights and options and guide them through the legal process.
  • Drafting legal documents: Family lawyers are responsible for drafting various legal documents such as divorce petitions, adoption papers, and custody agreements. They ensure that these documents comply with legal requirements and accurately reflect their client's wishes.
  • Representing clients in court: Family lawyers represent their clients in court and present their case before the judge. They argue on behalf of their clients, cross-examine witnesses, and present evidence to support their client's case.
  • Negotiating settlements: Family lawyers also act as mediators and negotiators to resolve disputes between parties without going to court.
  • Conducting legal research: Family lawyers conduct legal research to stay updated on the latest laws and regulations related to family law matters. They use this research to provide informed advice to their clients and prepare their case.
  • Maintaining client confidentiality: Family lawyers are responsible for maintaining client confidentiality and protecting their privacy. They ensure that all information related to their clients is kept confidential and secure.


Family lawyers play a crucial role in providing legal advice and representation in matters related to family and domestic relationships. Hence why family lawyers require strong analytical, communication, and negotiation skills to succeed in their profession.



To apply for prestigious colleges for LLB (Bachelor of Laws), you need to follow the admission process prescribed by the respective college or university. Here are the general steps that you need to follow:


  • Research: Start by researching the top law colleges in India and their admission process. You can also check their eligibility criteria, course fees, and placement records.
  • Registration: Once you have identified the colleges you want to apply to, register yourself on their official website. Fill in the required personal and academic details, upload your photograph and signature, and pay the application fee.
  • Entrance Exam: Most of the prestigious colleges for LLB conduct an entrance exam to select the candidates. Some of the entrance exams for LLB in prestigious universities include CLAT, AILET, LSAT-India, and DU LLB entrance exam.
  • Merit List: Based on your performance in the entrance exam, the college will prepare a merit list.
  • Counseling: During the counseling session, you will be given the opportunity to choose the college and course of your choice based on the availability of seats. You will also have to submit your academic and personal documents for verification.
  • Report to college: Once you have completed the counseling process and your documents have been verified, you will be given the admission letter. Pay the course fees to confirm your admission.



Pursuing a career in family law requires a comprehensive understanding of legal principles and strong analytical and communication skills. To develop these skills, aspiring family lawyers need to study five subjects: logical reasoning, legal aptitude, english language, mathematics, and general knowledge. Each of these subjects is equally important in building a strong foundation for a career in family law.


While there are no formal undergraduate requirements for a career in family law, certain majors can provide an excellent foundation for success in this field. Government, history, political science, psychology, and sociology are some of the majors that can prepare you for a career in family law. These majors provide students with a comprehensive understanding of social structures, human behavior, and legal systems, which are all essential skills for family lawyers.


Additionally, degrees in English and communication studies are also valuable for aspiring family lawyers. These degrees help students develop strong communication skills, which are essential for lawyers who need to communicate complex legal concepts to clients, judges, and juries. Strong writing skills are also important in family law, as lawyers need to draft legal documents, contracts, and pleadings.


In a nutshell, pursuing a career in family law requires a strong academic foundation in multiple subjects, including logical reasoning, legal aptitude, English language, mathematics, and general knowledge. While there are no formal undergraduate requirements, majors in government, history, political science, psychology, sociology, English, and communication studies can provide an excellent foundation for success in this field.

Prep Books

Guides for students pursuing Family Law that may provide help:

  •  "Client Letters for the Family Lawyer: Saving Time, Managing Relationships, and Practicing Preventive Law", written by Mark E. Sullivan
  •  "Textbook on Indian Penal Code" by K.D. Gaur
  • "Beginner’s Guide to Family Law: Forcing your judge to follow the rules" co-written by Ron B Palmer and Sherry Palmer


What does a family lawyer do?

A family lawyer specializes in legal matters related to family and domestic relations. They handle a wide range of cases, including divorce, child custody, child support, adoption, prenuptial agreements, alimony, property division, and more. Their primary role is to provide legal counsel, represent clients in court, negotiate settlements, and ensure that their clients' rights and interests are protected in family law matters.

What should I expect during the initial consultation with a family lawyer?

During the initial consultation, you can expect the lawyer to listen to your situation and ask questions to understand your specific needs and goals. They will provide information about the legal process, potential outcomes, and the services they can offer to assist you. It's an opportunity to assess if the lawyer is a good fit for your case and if you feel comfortable working with them.

How do I find a good family lawyer?

Finding a good family lawyer involves research and consideration. You can start by asking for recommendations from friends, family, or colleagues who have had positive experiences with family lawyers. Online reviews and testimonials can also be helpful. Look for a lawyer with experience in family law, good communication skills, and a track record of success in handling cases similar to yours.