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Career as HR Analyst

HR Analyst

An HR analyst helps organizations make strategic decisions and improve their HR practices. They analyst ensures legal compliance, constantly on labor laws and regulations. They use their expertise to assess HR policies, procedures, and practices and ensure that the organization complies with relevant laws and regulations, thereby reducing potential legal risks. 


One of the most important tasks of an HR analyst is to collect and compile HR data from various sources, such as employee records, surveys, and performance reviews. They carefully organize and analyze this data and identify trends, patterns, and correlations that provide valuable information about the organization's workforce. By interpreting these results, HR analysts can make meaningful recommendations for recruitment strategies. They can identify the most effective channels for attracting and acquiring top talent, evaluate the success of current recruiting efforts, and recommend improvements to improve the overall recruiting process


Retaining talented employees is critical to an organization's success, and HR analysts are tasked with analyzing retention data and developing strategies to improve employee engagement and reduce turnover. They can identify factors contributing to employee turnover, such as insufficient pay or lack of career development opportunities, and recommend actions to address these issues.


In summary, the role of the HR analyst is to collect, analyze and apply HR data to provide insights and recommendations that support effective recruitment, retention, and performance strategies. Their input helps organizations optimize their HR practices, which improves workforce management and overall organizational effectiveness.

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Eligibility Criteria

Qualification requirements for an HR analyst career usually vary depending on the organization and specific job requirements. However, as a general rule, an aspiring  HR analyst should have some qualifications both post-graduation and post-graduation.


The minimum graduation requirement is usually a bachelor's degree in a related field, such as human resource management, business administration, psychology, or a similar field. It provides a foundation of knowledge in areas such as organizational behavior, human resource management, and data analysis.


As for post-graduation, a master's degree is often preferred, although it may not be required in all cases. A master's degree in human resource management, industrial/organizational psychology, data analysis, or a similar field can significantly enhance an applicant's knowledge and skills...

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Skills required for Course
  • Strategic Thinking
  • Interpersonal Skills
  • Continuous Learning
  • Ethical Conduct
  • Project Management
  • Communication

Types of Job Roles

As an HR Analyst in India, Duties include:

  • Data Analysis: Collect and analyze HR data to provide information on employee performance, engagement, turnover, and other key metrics. It helps identify trends, make informed decisions, and develop effective HR strategies.
  • Salary and Benefits: Evaluate and compare salaries and benefits packages to ensure market competitiveness. You will help design, implement, and monitor rewards programs to attract and retain top talent. Recruiting and Selection: Work with hiring managers to identify staffing needs, develop job descriptions, and conduct candidate assessments. You will help develop recruitment strategies and implement selection processes to ensure the right fit for each role.
  • Performance Management: Assist in the design and implementation of performance management systems, including goal setting, performance evaluation, and feedback mechanisms. You guide managers and employees to improve overall performance and productivity.
  • HR Policy and Compliance: Assistance with the development, communication, and implementation of HR policies and procedures. You will ensure compliance with local labor laws and regulations and maintain accurate personnel records and documents.
  • Training and development: identification of training needs, coordination of training programs, and evaluation of their effectiveness. You help create a learning culture in the organization to improve the skills and knowledge of employees.
  • HR systems and technology: managing HR information systems, ensuring data accuracy, and creating reports. You will stay abreast of trends in HR technology and make recommendations for system improvement and automation.  Employee Engagement: Assist in the implementation of employee engagement initiatives such as surveys, feedback mechanisms, and recognition programs. Analyse data to identify areas for improvement and develop action plans.
  • Employee Relations: Helps resolve employee grievances, conducts investigations, and promotes a positive work environment. You guide supervisors in matters related to personal relationships and ensure fair and consistent practice.
  • HR Analytics: Using advanced analytical tools and techniques to predict trends, anticipate staffing needs, and optimize workforce planning. Create reports and dashboards to visualize data for HR and organizational decision-making.


The HR Analyst career does not follow a traditional "admission process" akin to academic programs. Instead, it involves a sequence of steps focused on education, skills development, and job application. Below is a general outline of the process:

  • Educational Qualifications: The first step is to obtain relevant educational qualifications, typically a bachelor's degree in fields such as human resources, business administration, psychology, or related disciplines. Some employers may prefer candidates with master's degrees or specialized HR certifications.

  • Acquiring Experience: Though not always mandatory, practical experience in human resources or related roles can be beneficial. Candidates can seek internships, entry-level HR positions, or administrative roles to gain exposure to HR processes and practices.

  • Fostering Analytical Skills: HR Analysts heavily rely on data analysis, making it essential to acquire proficiency in analytical tools like Excel, HR analytics software, data visualization, and related techniques.

  • HR Knowledge Enhancement: Developing a solid understanding of HR concepts, employment laws, compliance, and best practices is crucial. Staying updated on HR trends and developments is valuable.

  • Networking and Professional Growth: Participation in HR conferences, workshops, and networking events facilitates connections with HR professionals and keeps candidates informed about industry changes. Joining professional HR associations like SHRM offers access to resources and opportunities.

  • Job Search and Application: Candidates actively search for HR Analyst positions in organizations aligning with their career goals and interests. Customizing resumes to highlight relevant skills, experience, and educational background is important.

  • Interview Preparation: Thoroughly researching prospective companies and comprehending the specific responsibilities of the HR Analyst role aids candidates in showcasing HR knowledge, analytical skills, and ability to handle HR data during interviews.

  • Assessment and Selection Process: Some employers may conduct assessments, tests, or case studies as part of the selection process. Adequate preparation for such evaluations demonstrates candidates' abilities effectively.

  • Job Offer and Onboarding: Successful candidates receive job offers, and subsequent negotiation of terms and conditions leads to the onboarding process.

  • Continuous Learning and Advancement: Given the dynamic nature of HR, continuous learning is pivotal for professional growth. Candidates are encouraged to stay updated on industry trends, participate in training sessions, and pursue opportunities for skill development.

While individual circumstances, organizational requirements, and regional practices may influence the specific process, aspiring HR Analysts should proactively navigate their career journey and seize opportunities for honing their skills and expertise.



There are several subjects in schools and universities that are important for developing the necessary knowledge and skills to pursue a career as an HR analyst.

  • Human Resource Management: This subject covers the fundamental principles and practices of human resource management, including recruitment, employee relations, performance management, and compensation. It provides an understanding of HR functions in educational institutions.
  • Statistics and data analysis: Knowledge of statistics and data analysis is essential for an HR analyst. This subject focuses on statistical methods, data collection, data interpretation, and data visualization techniques. This enables HR analysts to make data-driven decisions.
  • Research Methods: This subject teaches various research methods and techniques for collecting and analyzing data. It helps HR analysts design and conduct research, including surveys and interviews, to collect relevant HR data.
  • Organizational Behaviour: Understanding the behavior of people in organizations is crucial for an HR analyst. This subject explores topics such as motivation, leadership, teamwork, and organizational culture, providing insight into employee behavior and performance. 
  • Information Systems: Knowledge of information systems and personnel software is beneficial when managing and analyzing personnel data. This topic covers topics such as HRIS (Human Resource Information Systems), information management, and database systems.

By studying these topics, aspiring HR analysts can gain the necessary knowledge and skills to succeed in their role in schools and colleges

Prep Books

Here are some recommended prep books:

  • Human Resource Management by Gary Dessler
  • The HR Analytics Handbook by Laurie Bass and Dan McMurrer
  • Big Data-Driven Business by Russell Glass and Sean Callahan
  • Data-Driven HR Management by Bernard Marr
  • Strategic HRM by Jeffrey A. Mellon


What is the role of an HR Analyst?

An HR Analyst is responsible for analyzing HR data and metrics to provide insights and support decision-making in areas such as talent acquisition, employee performance, compensation, and workforce planning.

What skills are essential for an HR Analyst?

Essential skills for an HR Analyst include data analysis, statistical proficiency, HRIS knowledge, data visualization, problem-solving, HR metrics, business acumen, research skills, communication, attention to detail, project management, ethical conduct, continuous learning, interpersonal skills, and strategic thinking.

What educational background is required to become an HR Analyst?

Most HR Analyst positions require a bachelor's degree in human resources, business administration, psychology, or related fields. Some employers may prefer candidates with a master's degree or relevant certifications.