aajtak campus

Career as Litigation Lawyer

Litigation Lawyer

A career as a litigation lawyer is a dynamic and intellectually stimulating path within the legal profession. With a deep understanding of the legal system and excellent advocacy skills, litigation lawyers play a pivotal role in resolving disputes and representing clients in court. This description will delve into the diverse responsibilities, skills, and challenges that come with pursuing a career in litigation law.


Litigation lawyers specialize in civil cases, where they represent individuals, organizations, or government entities involved in legal disputes. They handle a wide range of matters, including contract disputes, personal injury claims, employment disputes, and intellectual property infringement cases. Their primary objective is to provide effective legal representation to their clients and achieve favorable outcomes through negotiation, mediation, or litigation in court.


To excel in this field, litigation lawyers must possess exceptional analytical and research abilities. They meticulously analyze case facts, gather evidence, and develop persuasive legal arguments to support their clients' positions. Strong oral and written communication skills are crucial, as they must present their arguments convincingly in court and prepare well-crafted legal documents.


Litigation lawyers must also possess excellent negotiation skills to engage in settlement discussions with opposing parties and strive for favorable resolutions outside the courtroom. They should be adept at handling high-pressure situations, as litigation often involves tight deadlines, complex legal issues, and adversarial interactions.


In addition to their core legal skills, successful litigation lawyers must be highly organized and detail-oriented. They must manage multiple cases simultaneously, keep track of deadlines, and stay updated on changes in laws and regulations.


Overall, a career in litigation law offers intellectual challenges, the opportunity to advocate for clients, and the satisfaction of achieving justice through the legal system. It requires a combination of legal expertise, communication prowess, and the ability to thrive in a fast-paced and competitive environment.

Read More


Eligibility Criteria

Eligibility Requirements for a Litigation Lawyer:

  • Educational Credentials: Qualifying as a Litigation Lawyer entails obtaining a law degree from an accredited law school. Typically, this involves completing a Juris Doctor (JD) program. Some regions also acknowledge equivalent law degree alternatives.

  • Bar Examination Clearance: Following the acquisition of your law degree, passing the bar examination in the jurisdiction where you plan to practice law becomes necessary. This exam assesses your comprehension of jurisdiction-specific legal principles.

  • Admission and Registration: Upon successfully clearing the bar exam, admission to the bar association or legal society in your jurisdiction is required. This process encompasses meeting supplementary criteria mandated by the governing legal body.

  • Professional Training and Experience: While n...

Read More

Skills required for Course
  • Legal Expertise
  • Analytical Thinking
  • Research Skills
  • Attention to Detail
  • Critical Analysis
  • Strategic Planning

Types of Job Roles

Responsibilities and Job Duties of a Litigation Lawyer:

  • Case Evaluation: Evaluate legal cases comprehensively to gauge the merits and drawbacks of arguments, pinpoint potential legal strategies, and predict plausible legal outcomes.

  • Client Discussion: Conduct consultations with clients to grasp their legal predicaments, furnish legal counsel, and recommend appropriate courses of action.

  • Legal Investigation: Undertake thorough legal investigation to amass precedents, statutes, regulations, and case law that can substantiate your client's case.

  • Creation of Legal Documents: Generate legal documents like pleadings, motions, affidavits, and briefs that delineate your client's assertions and legal positions.

  • Courtroom Advocacy: Represent clients during court hearings, trials, and other legal proceedings, articulating arguments, cross-examining witnesses, and championing their causes.

  • Negotiation and Settlement Endeavors: Engage in negotiations with opposing parties to reach settlements, aiming to conclude cases without resorting to trial and securing favorable resolutions for clients.

  • Discovery Phase Management: Oversee the discovery process by assembling evidence, interviewing witnesses, and collaborating with experts to construct a compelling case.

  • Motion Advocacy: Lodge and present motions in court to request specific actions, decisions, or rulings that can influence the course of legal proceedings.

The role of a Litigation Lawyer encompasses a multifaceted array of tasks, spanning from furnishing legal counsel to representing clients in court, all geared towards achieving optimal outcomes within legal boundaries.



The admission procedure for becoming a litigation lawyer in India involves certain requirements and steps. Firstly, an individual must complete a five-year integrated law degree program after 10+2 or a three-year LLB program after obtaining a bachelor's degree in any discipline. After completing the law degree, one must enroll with the respective State Bar Council and obtain a Certificate of Practice.


To gain admission to the Bar Council, aspiring lawyers need to clear the All India Bar Examination (AIBE) conducted by the Bar Council of India. This examination tests candidates on various aspects of legal knowledge and professional skills.


Once admitted to the Bar Council, lawyers can start practicing law in India and appear before various courts and tribunals. They can also choose to specialize in litigation by gaining practical experience and expertise in handling litigation cases.



Subjects and Areas of Focus for a Litigation Lawyer encompass a wide spectrum of legal domains and proficiencies imperative for adept legal practice, particularly within the realm of litigation. Below are key subjects that prospective Litigation Lawyers commonly delve into:

  • Civil Litigation Procedures: Acquire knowledge about regulations and protocols governing civil litigation, encompassing initiating lawsuits, discovery processes, motions, and trial methodologies.

  • Law of Evidence: Grasp the regulations for presenting and evaluating proof in court, encompassing diverse forms of evidence, their admissibility, and objection criteria.

  • Criminal Law and Legal Procedures: Explore the criminal justice system, criminal offenses, defensive strategies, and procedures involved in prosecuting and defending criminal cases.

  • Contractual Law: Develop an understanding of contract formulation, interpretation, and enforcement, as contracts often underlie numerous legal disputes.

  • Torts Law: Investigate the principles of tort law, addressing negligence, intentional wrongs, and strict liability, given their relevance to many litigation scenarios.

  • Constitutional Law: Analyze fundamental constitutional principles and rights that could impact litigation cases, including considerations of due process and equal protection.

  • Legal Research and Writing Proficiency: Cultivate capabilities in legal research, analysis, and proficient communication by composing legal documents such as motions, briefs, and agreements.

  • Courtroom Advocacy Proficiency: Hone courtroom aptitudes involving case presentation, witness examination, cross-interrogation, and persuasive verbal representation.

  • Alternate Dispute Resolution (ADR) Techniques: Explore methodologies in mediation, arbitration, and negotiation for resolving disputes beyond the courtroom setting.

These subjects provide a holistic groundwork for comprehending diverse legal theories and principles that Litigation Lawyers encounter in their professional undertakings. While these subjects are commonly studied, the specific curriculum may differ based on law schools and legal jurisdictions.

Prep Books

Recommended Preparation Books for Aspiring Litigation Lawyers:

  • "Commentary on the Advocates Act" by P.K. Sarkar
  • "Indian Penal Code" by Ratanlal and Dhirajlal
  • "The Law of Torts" by Ratanlal and Dhirajlal
  • "Landmark Judgments that Transformed India" by Alex Andrews George
  • "Law of Contract" by Avtar Singh
  • "Indian Administrative Law" by M.P. Jain


What is a Litigation Lawyer?

A Litigation Lawyer is a legal professional who specializes in representing clients in court, handling legal disputes, and advocating on their behalf during the litigation process.

What types of cases do Litigation Lawyers handle?

Litigation Lawyers handle a wide range of cases, including civil disputes, personal injury claims, contract disputes, family law matters, criminal defense, and more.

How does a Litigation Lawyer differ from other types of lawyers?

Unlike transactional lawyers who focus on drafting contracts and legal documents, Litigation Lawyers primarily work on resolving disputes through court proceedings and negotiations.