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Career as Physiotherapist


Physiotherapy, also known as physical therapy, is a healthcare profession that focuses on helping individuals regain and improve their physical abilities. Physiotherapists play a crucial role in enhancing the quality of life for patients by utilizing various therapeutic techniques and exercises.


A physiotherapist is a healthcare professional who specializes in assessing, diagnosing, and treating a wide range of physical conditions and injuries. They work closely with patients to develop personalized treatment plans that aim to alleviate pain, improve mobility, restore function, and promote overall well-being. Physiotherapists employ various techniques such as manual therapy, therapeutic exercises, electrotherapy, and hydrotherapy to address musculoskeletal, neurological, and cardiopulmonary issues. They also educate patients on injury prevention and provide guidance for maintaining a healthy lifestyle.

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Eligibility Criteria

To pursue a career in physiotherapy, certain eligibility criteria must be met:

  • Educational Qualifications: Completion of high school education or an equivalent qualification with a strong foundation in science subjects, such as biology, chemistry, and physics.

  • Bachelor's Degree: Successful completion of a bachelor's degree program in physiotherapy or a related field from an accredited institution.

  • Licensure: Attain a license to practice physiotherapy in the jurisdiction where the professional intends to work. Licensing requirements may vary between countries or states and typically involve passing a national or regional licensing examination.

  • Certification: Depending on the country or region, physiotherapists may be required to obtain certification from professional organizations or regulatory bodies to demonstrate competency ...

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Skills required for Course
  • Clinical Knowledge
  • Communication
  • Manual Therapy Techniques
  • Empathy and Patient-Centered Care
  • Adaptability

Types of Job Roles

Physiotherapists have diverse job roles and can work in various healthcare settings, including hospitals, clinics, sports facilities, rehabilitation centers, and private practices. Some common job roles of a physiotherapist include:

  • Assessment and Diagnosis: Conducting thorough assessments to evaluate patients' physical conditions, identifying impairments, and formulating accurate diagnoses.
  • Treatment Planning and Implementation: Designing and implementing individualized treatment plans that may include exercises, manual therapy, modalities, and assistive devices to address patients' specific needs and goals.
  • Rehabilitation: Assisting patients in recovering from injuries, surgeries, or medical conditions by providing rehabilitation programs to improve strength, flexibility, and mobility.
  • Pain Management: Employing various techniques, such as manual therapy, therapeutic exercises, and modalities, to alleviate pain and improve patients' comfort levels.
  • Patient Education: Educating patients on injury prevention, self-management techniques, and promoting a healthy lifestyle to enhance their overall well-being.
  • Research and Teaching: Engaging in research activities, contributing to advancements in the field, and providing education and training to aspiring physiotherapists.


Becoming a physiotherapist typically requires completing a bachelor's degree program in physiotherapy or a related field. The admission process generally involves the following steps:

  • Educational Qualifications: Complete high school education or an equivalent qualification with a strong foundation in science subjects, such as biology, chemistry, and physics.

  • Bachelor's Degree: Apply to an accredited university or college offering a Bachelor of Physiotherapy or a related program. Admission requirements may include a competitive GPA, submission of transcripts, letters of recommendation, and a personal statement outlining the interest and motivation to pursue physiotherapy.

  • Entrance Exams: Some institutions may require applicants to take entrance exams such as the Physical Therapy Centralized Application Service (PTCAS) exam or other standardized tests.

  • Interviews: Shortlisted candidates may be invited for an interview to assess their communication skills, interpersonal abilities, and commitment to the profession.



To become a physiotherapist, aspiring professionals need to have a solid understanding of various subjects. Key subjects covered in physiotherapy programs include:

  • Anatomy and Physiology: In-depth knowledge of the structure and function of the human body, including musculoskeletal, neurological, and cardiopulmonary systems.

  • Biomechanics: Understanding the principles of movement and mechanics of the human body to analyze posture, gait, and body mechanics.

  • Pathology: Studying the nature and effects of diseases, injuries, and medical conditions to assess their impact on physical function.

  • Exercise Science: Learning about the physiological responses and adaptations to exercise, principles of exercise prescription, and therapeutic exercise techniques.

  • Rehabilitation Techniques: Understanding various therapeutic techniques, including manual therapy, electrotherapy, hydrotherapy, and therapeutic exercises, to promote functional recovery.

  • Research Methods and Evidence-Based Practice: Gaining knowledge of research methodologies, critical appraisal of scientific literature, and applying evidence-based approaches in clinical decision-making.

Prep Books

To excel in the field of physiotherapy, aspiring professionals can refer to the following recommended books for comprehensive preparation:

  • "Physiotherapy in Obstetrics and Gynaecology" by Jill Mantle and Cathy Vaughan
  • "Muscles: Testing and Function with Posture and Pain" by Florence Peterson Kendall, Elizabeth Kendall McCreary, and Patricia Geise Provance
  • "Physical Rehabilitation" by Susan B. O'Sullivan and Thomas J. Schmitz
  • "Therapeutic Exercise: Foundations and Techniques" by Carolyn Kisner and Lynn Allen Colby
  • "Clinical Neurodynamics: A New System of Neuromusculoskeletal Treatment" by Michael Shacklock


What education is required to become a physiotherapist?

In most countries, a bachelor's or master's degree in physiotherapy or physical therapy is required. These programs include both classroom education and clinical training. Some countries might require licensing exams or registration with a professional organization.

What conditions do physiotherapists treat?

Physiotherapists treat a wide range of conditions, including sprains, strains, fractures, strokes, spinal cord injuries etc.

How do physiotherapists develop treatment plans?

Physiotherapists assess patients through physical examinations, medical histories, and often use diagnostic tools like X-rays and MRI results. Based on their assessment, they develop personalized treatment plans that may include exercises, manual therapies, modalities (such as ultrasound or electrical stimulation), and patient education.