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BDS - Bachelor of Dental Surgery

Average Duration
4 Years
Average Fees
Average Salary

A professional undergraduate degree programme called the Bachelor of Dental Surgery (B.D.S.) trains students to become dental surgeons. It is a thorough and demanding course meant to instill knowledge and useful abilities in dentistry. In many nations, dental colleges and universities often provide B.D.S. programmes. The curriculum may vary significantly based on the institution and the country's dental laws. The B.D.S. programme is described in general as follows:


The B.D.S. programme typically lasts five years and includes both theoretical coursework and hands-on clinical training. The programme could have a shorter or longer runtime in certain nations.


Curriculum: Pre-clinical and clinical stages make up the curriculum. Students learn fundamental medical disciplines, including as anatomy, physiology, biochemistry, and oral anatomy, during the pre-clinical stage. They also study dental products and techniques used in dental laboratories.


Clinical instruction: Students receive practical instruction in dental treatments during the clinical phase. Under the guidance of knowledgeable dentists, they learn to identify and treat a variety of dental diseases. Dental treatments such restorative dentistry, prosthodontics (crowns, bridges, dentures), endodontics (root canal therapy), periodontics (treatment of gum disease), oral surgery, and paediatric dentistry are all covered in clinical training.


Dental specialties: Students in several B.D.S. programmes may be exposed to a variety of dental fields, including orthodontics, oral and maxillofacial surgery, oral pathology, and community dentistry.


Ethics and communication abilities: B.D.S. programmes place a strong emphasis on the value of ethical dental practises as well as the need for strong communication abilities.


Internship: Some nations may mandate students to do an obligatory internship or house surgency after completing the five-year programme, during which they work in a dental hospital or clinic to get further practical experience. After successfully completing their B.D.S. programme and any compulsory internship, graduates must pass a licencing test in order to register as dental practitioners in their home countries.


Additional Specialisation: After earning their B.D.S., some graduates may decide to enrol in postgraduate programmes (M.D.S., Master of Dental Surgery) in order to focus on a particular branch of dentistry.


Career Possibilities:  In a wide range of settings, including private dentisties, dental hospitals, public health offices and dental schools, graduates can work as dentists with bachelor's degree in oral surgery or the required licencing. They offer preventive dentistry, diagnosis and treatment of Dental Diseases with a view to improving Oral Health. Career paths in academia, research and dentistry public health can also be considered by graduates.

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The Bachelor of Dental Surgery (B.D.S.) is a professional undergraduate degree programme in dentistry that, as of my most recent update in September 2021, does not normally contain predetermined specialisations throughout the undergraduate phase. Instead, B.D.S. programmes provide students a thorough grounding in general dentistry by teaching a variety of dental practice-related topics to get them ready for a wide range of dental operations and patient care.


However, dental graduates can continue postgraduate education (Master of Dental Surgery - M.D.S.) to specialise in particular fields of dentistry after finishing the B.D.S. programme and having some practical experience. Different dental colleges and universities may provide different specialisations, and they may offer different specialisations in particular. 


The study of misaligned teeth and jaws is the focus of orthodontics and dentofacial orthopaedics. Orthodontists employ braces, aligners, and other devices to enhance the appearance of the teeth and face.


Periodontics: focuses on the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of disorders of the gums and ailments that damage the tooth's supporting tissues. Periodontists do out operations include implant implantation and gum surgery. The restoration and replacement of lost or damaged teeth is the focus of prosthodontics. Dentures, dental impla...

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Colleges Offering BDS - Bachelor of Dental Surgery

Eligibility Criteria

The prerequisites for the Bachelor of Dental Surgery (B.D.S.) programme might change based on the nation and the school specifically offering the degree. However, the following are some typical qualifying standards you could discover for B.D.S. programmes:


  • Academic Requirements: Applicants must normally have finished their higher secondary education, or its equivalent, with a good background in science disciplines, such as Physics, Chemistry, and Biology (e.g., A-levels, IB, HSC, etc.). Some universities could have particular minimum standards for academic success, such a required grade point average (GPA) or %.
  • Science background: To guarantee that candidates have a foundation in the sciences pertinent to dentistry, the majority of B.D.S. programmes require applicants to have studied Biology, Chemistry, and Physics at the high school level.
  • Entrance Exam (if Applicable): Candidates ...

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Skills required for BDS - Bachelor of Dental Surgery Course
  • Oral Health Education
  • Dental Procedures
  • Dental Examination and Diagnosis
  • Skilled hands
  • Attention to Detail
  • Problem-Solving


The job options for graduates with a Bachelor of Dental Surgery degree are encouraging and varied, given that oral healthcare is still an essential part of overall health. In order to promote oral health and patients' quality of life, dental experts are crucial for the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of oral problems.


  • Private Dental Practise:  Many graduates of B.D.S. choose to set up a private dentistry practice so that they can offer their patients different treatment options. They may also perform orthodontics and cosmetic dentistry, as well as the routine dental procedures.
  • Dental Hospitals and Clinics: Graduates can find employment at dental hospitals, clinics, and care facilities, where they can treat a variety of patients and work with other dental professionals.
  • Government Health Departments: Dentists can operate in government-run medical institutions, offering ...

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Career Options and Job Prospects after BDS - Bachelor of Dental Surgery


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  • Human Anatomy
  • Physiology
  • Biochemistry
  • Dental Anatomy and Oral Histology


How do I choose a dental school for B.D.S.?

Research reputable dental schools, consider their curriculum, faculty, clinical facilities, and opportunities for practical training. Additionally, check for accreditation and recognition.

Can I open my own dental clinic after completing B.D.S.?

Yes, after obtaining the necessary licenses and registrations, B.D.S. graduates can establish their own dental clinics to provide oral healthcare services.

Is there a practical training component in the program?

Yes, practical training is a significant component of the B.D.S. program. Students gain hands-on experience in clinics, learning dental procedures and patient management under supervision.

Is B.D.S. a challenging program?

Yes, B.D.S. is considered challenging due to its rigorous scientific curriculum and hands-on clinical training. Students need a strong foundation in science and a dedication to learning complex dental procedures.