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B.Optom - Bachelor of Optometry

Average Duration
3 Years
Average Fees
Average Salary

The Bachelor of Optometry (B.Optom) program is an undergraduate degree that offers a comprehensive and specialized study of optometry, a field dedicated to the examination, diagnosis, treatment, and management of various eye and vision-related conditions. It equips students with a broad range of theoretical knowledge and practical skills to become competent optometrists.


The program begins with foundational courses in basic sciences such as anatomy, physiology, biochemistry, and optics. These courses lay the groundwork for understanding the human body and the complex visual system, which is essential for assessing and managing visual health.


Then, students go into ophthalmic examination methods, learning the abilities required to conduct in-depth eye exams. They learn how to assess visual acuity, use refraction to calculate the correct lens prescription, measure intraocular pressure, and use slit-lamp biomicroscopy to inspect the eye's anterior segment. Students can effectively assess visual function and pinpoint probable vision problems thanks to these tools.

The fitting of contact lenses is another crucial component of the program. To guarantee the safe usage and care of contact lenses, students learn about various contact lens kinds, fitting procedures, and patient assessments. They discover the best contact lens options for treating various visual and ocular disorders.

In the B.Optom program, important topics including binocular vision and vision treatment are covered. The testing and treatment of binocular vision impairments as well as the use of vision therapy techniques to enhance eye coordination and visual abilities are all topics covered in this course. These abilities are essential for identifying and treating diseases that impact eye alignment and coordination.

Additionally covered in the curriculum are eye diseases and treatments. Numerous visual disorders, including glaucoma, cataracts, macular degeneration, and diabetic retinopathy, are among the many eye conditions that students learn to recognize, diagnose, and treat. They study pharmacology and how to successfully administer and manage ocular drugs.

Throughout the program, students strengthen their practical instrumentation and technology skills for optometry. The use of tools like autorefractors, keratometers, tonometers, visual field analyzers, and optical coherence tomography (OCT) equipment gives students practical experience. They acquire the skills necessary to understand the information provided by these tools, assisting in precise diagnosis and ocular health monitoring.

The B.Optom program also places a strong emphasis on low vision rehabilitation, assessing and treating visual impairments that can't be remedied through standard techniques. To improve the visual skills and quality of life of people with poor vision, students study the prescription and fitting of low-vision aids and equipment.

The curriculum includes lessons on managing an optometry practice to better educate students on the professional facets of optometry. This covers things like managing patients, keeping records, billing and coding, ethical issues, and having excellent communication skills. The knowledge and abilities needed to effectively manage an optometry practice and deliver top-notch patient care are provided to students.

Students learn about professional ethical and legal issues unique to the discipline of optometry during the program. They are taught how to uphold pertinent rules and legislation governing optometric practice, acquire informed permission, comprehend the scope of practice, and safeguard patient confidentiality.

The Bachelor of Optometry (B.Optom) program offers a thorough curriculum that gives students the knowledge and abilities they need to become knowledgeable and competent optometrists. Graduates are equipped to provide complete eye care and make professional and knowledgeable contributions to the field of optometry by combining theoretical study, practical training, and clinical experiences.

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Optometrists have the chance to concentrate their expertise on particular areas of practice through specialization within the discipline of optometry. These typical optometry specialties are listed below:

  • Pediatric optometry: Paediatric optometrists are experts in treating infants, kids, and teenagers who have eye problems. They have received training in diagnosing and treating pediatric-specific vision problems like refractive errors, strabismus, and amblyopia (lazy eye). Pediatric optometrists can address problems with children's vision development and offer vision therapy that is suitable for their age group.
  • Geriatric optometry: Geriatric optometrists focus on the vision requirements of senior citizens. They concentrate on age-related eye problems such as glaucoma, age-related macular degeneration (AMD), cataracts, and vision changes brought on by systemic diseases like diabetes. Additionally, geriatric optometrists may deal with low vision problems, visual rehabilitation, and adjusting to changes in visual acuity.
  • Contact Lens Practice: Optometrists who specialize in contact lens practice concentrate on prescription, fitting, and maintaining contact lenses for patients. They possess in-depth knowledge of various contact lens materials, including soft lenses, hard gas permeable lenses, and specialty lenses for astigmatism, presbyopia, or anomalies in the cornea. In addition to add...

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Colleges Offering B.Optom - Bachelor of Optometry

Eligibility Criteria

The prerequisites for a Bachelor of Optometry (B.Optom) program can differ between academic institutions and nations. Here are some typical qualifications:

  • Educational Requirements: Applicants must normally have finished secondary school, or its equivalent, such as high school, or have received recognition from the educational institution delivering the B.Optom program.
  • Academic background: Candidates should have high academic credentials, particularly in the sciences. Courses in the fields of math, physics, chemistry, and biology could be included.
  • Minimum Percentage/Grade: Institutions frequently set a minimum percentage or grade criterion before granting admission. 
  • English Language Proficiency: Since English is frequently used as the medium of education, applicants may need to show that they are fluent in the language. 
  • Entrance Exams:

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Skills required for B.Optom - Bachelor of Optometry Course
  • Clinical Examination and Diagnostic Skill
  • Refractive Error Assessment and Prescription
  • Contact Lens Fitting and Management


The Bachelor of Optometry (B.Optom) program offers a wide range of prospects for graduates in the optometry industry. The following significant elements determine the program's scope:

  • Clinical Practise: Students who complete the B.Optom program are prepared to practice optometry in a variety of clinical settings. They can perform thorough eye exams, diagnose and treat visual abnormalities, prescribe and fit corrective lenses, and give advice on maintaining good eye health. They can also provide primary eye care services. Optometrists frequently work in chains of optometry offices, hospitals, eye clinics, and private practices.
  • Specialization: The B.Optom program creates doors for optometry-related specialization. Graduates have the option of continuing their education through postgraduate programs in fields including pediatric or geriatric optometry, low vision rehabilitation, contact lens fitting, sports vision, or visi...

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Career Options and Job Prospects after B.Optom - Bachelor of Optometry


  • Semester 1
  • Semester 2
  • Semester 3
  • Semester 4
  • Semester 5
  • Semester 6
  • English & Communication
  • General Anatomy
  • General Biochemistry
  • General Physiology
  • Geometrical Optics
  • Nutrition


Is clinical experience part of the B.Optom program?

Yes, a lot of B. Optom programs make clinical experience a part of the curriculum. Students have the chance to get practical experience by participating in clinical rotations or internships at hospitals or optometrist clinics.

What career opportunities are available with a B.Optom degree?

Graduates with a B.Optom degree can choose from a number of optometry-related careers. They may work as optometrists in chains of optometrists, hospitals, eye clinics, or private practices. In addition, they can choose to focus on things like low vision rehabilitation, sports vision, pediatric optometry, geriatric optometry, contact lens fitting, or vision therapy.