aajtak campus

BUMS - Bachelor of Unani Medicine & Surgery

Average Duration
6 Years
Average Fees
Average Salary


Bachelor of Unani Medicine and Surgery is abbreviated as B.U.M.S. Unani medicine is the focus of this undergraduate degree programme in alternative medicine. Unani medicine is a conventional medical system that dates back to ancient Greece and has been used for many years in countries all over the world, including India and other South Asian nations.


The B.U.M.S. programme usually takes 5.5 years to complete, including a one-year internship. Each of the four professional years that make up the academic program's curriculum includes both theoretical and practical instruction.


Eligibility: Different institutions may have different requirements for admission to the B.U.M.S. programme. The usual requirements for candidates are that they have successfully finished their 10+2 education with Physics, Chemistry, and Biology as required topics. Additionally, some minimum aggregate mark requirements may apply at some universities. The B.U.M.S. programme combines academic instruction with hands-on training in Unani surgery and medicine. Anatomy, physiology, biochemistry, pathology, microbiology, pharmacology, gynaecology, surgery, and unani principles and practises are among the topics covered in the programme. Additionally, unani medicine and herbal treatments for various disorders are taught to students.


Clinical Training: The B.U.M.S. programme involves clinical training where students receive practical experience treating patients utilising Unani medicine in addition to academic studies. They gain knowledge in the diagnosis of ailments, the prescription of suitable medications, the performance of simple surgeries, and other therapeutic caregiving techniques.


Internship: Following completion of the academic requirements, students must complete a one-year internship in a reputable hospital or healthcare facility. Under the direction of knowledgeable doctors and healthcare experts, they get experience in the real world throughout this time.


Licencing and Practise: Graduates of the B.U.M.S. programme who have successfully completed their internship are qualified to register with the appropriate state or federal medical council or board in order to get the required licence for practising unani medicine. Depending on the nation or jurisdiction, the licencing requirements vary.


Graduates of the B.U.M.S. programme have a variety of professional options. In government or private clinics, hospitals, dispensaries, or wellness facilities, they can function as unani medical professionals. Additionally, they might look for jobs in research or education or decide to start their own unani medical practise.


It's crucial to remember that different nations and locations may have distinct laws and regulations governing the practise of unani medicine. It is thus recommended that students get familiar with the particular licencing and regulatory requirements of the country in which they wish to practise.

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Graduates with a B.U.M.S. (Bachelor of Unani Medicine and Surgery) degree have the option to focus on particular branches of Unani medicine. Specializations provide people the chance to hone their skills and knowledge in a specific area of Unani medicine. The following are some popular specializations open to B.U.M.S. graduates:


  • Ilaj Bit Tadbeer (Regimental Therapy): This area of expertise focuses on the use of regimental treatments in Unani medicine, which may include techniques like cupping therapy, purging, massage, and other non-pharmacological approaches.


  • This specialisation, known as kulliyat (basic principles of Unani medicine), dives into the fundamental ideas and theories of Unani medicine, including the study of its philosophy, notions of health and illness, and diagnostic methods.


  • The Moalajat specialisation, often known as general medicine, employs Unani medicine to diagnose, treat, and manage common medical disorders. It entails learning about various illnesses, their causes, clinical characteristics, and how to treat them using herbal remedies.


  • Graduates of the B.U.M.S. programme with a speciality in jarahat (surgery) can study about surgical techniques and Unani medical treatments in this field. Minor surgical operations, wound care, and the use of surg...

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Eligibility Criteria

Depending on the educational institution and the nation where the programme is offered, the requirements for obtaining a B.U.M.S. (Bachelor of Unani Medicine and Surgery) degree may differ somewhat. However, these are the basic prerequisites for B.U.M.S. eligibility:


Candidates must have passed their upper secondary education (10+2) or an exam of an equal level from a recognised board or educational institution to be eligible. Physics, Chemistry, and Biology (or Botany and Zoology) should all be covered in the qualifying test.


  • Age Restrictions: Depending on the institution and nation, there may be different age restrictions for B.U.M.S. entrance. Candidates should typically be at least 17 years old when they are admitted. Additionally, there can be higher age restrictions, which would depend on institutional policy or governmental rules.
  • Entrance Exams: Many colleges and...

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Skills required for BUMS - Bachelor of Unani Medicine & Surgery Course
  • Clinical Skills
  • Multilingual Proficiency
  • Teamwork and Collaboration
  • Critical Thinking
  • Attention to Detail
  • Communication
  • Medecinal Knowledge


Numerous employment options in Unani medicine are available for those with a Bachelor of Unani Medicine and Surgery (B.U.M.S.) degree. For B.U.M.S. graduates, the following fields and career pathways are listed:


B.U.M.S. graduates can operate as unani medical practitioners, offering healthcare services in accordance with unani medical beliefs and practises. In addition to joining pre-existing Unani hospitals, dispensaries, wellness centres, or healthcare organisations, they can also start their own clinics.


  • Government Sector: B.U.M.S. graduates may find employment prospects at government-run clinics, hospitals, and research facilities. They may work in government healthcare institutions as medical officials, physicians, or consultants.
  • Private Sector: To provide alternative medicine services, several private healthcare organisations, clinics, and wellness centres employ ...

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  • Kulliyat-e-Tib (Basic Principles of Unani Medicine)
  • Tashreeh-ul-Badan (Anatomy)
  • Munafe-ul-Aaza wa Ilaj Bit Tadbeer (Regimental Therapy)
  • Ilmul Amraz (Pathology)
  • Munafe-ul-Aaza (Physiology)
  • Ilmul Amraz (Pathology)


How can I enhance my practical skills during my B.U.M.S. program?

To enhance your practical skills, make the most of your clinical training and internship period. Actively participate in patient examinations, diagnostic procedures, and treatment planning. Seek opportunities to observe experienced doctors and ask questions. Additionally, consider attending workshops, seminars, and conferences related to Unani medicine to gain exposure and learn from experts in the field.

Can I practice other forms of medicine alongside Unani medicine?

The ability to practice other forms of medicine alongside Unani medicine may depend on the regulations and laws of your country or state. In some regions, there may be restrictions on practicing multiple forms of medicine simultaneously, while in others, it may be permissible to integrate different systems of medicine. It is essential to understand the legal and regulatory framework governing healthcare practices in your specific location to determine the possibilities and limitations.

What are the advantages of pursuing a B.U.M.S program?

Pursuing a B.U.M.S program offers the opportunity to learn about traditional medical practices, herbal treatments, and holistic approaches to healthcare. It can also provide a unique perspective on medical treatment.