aajtak campus

MBBS - Bachelor of Medicine & Bachelor of Surgery

Average Duration
6 Years
Average Fees
Average Salary

A Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery (M.B.B.S.) is a prestigious and rigorous undergraduate program that trains individuals to become medical doctors. This course is a cornerstone of medical education in India and many other countries around the world. It equips students with the knowledge, skills, and expertise necessary to diagnose, treat, and prevent a wide range of medical conditions, making them eligible for licensure and practice as medical professionals.

The M.B.B.S. program typically spans five and a half years in India, divided into four and a half years of classroom and clinical training followed by a one-year internship. The curriculum is designed to provide students with a comprehensive understanding of medical science, including anatomy, physiology, biochemistry, pharmacology, pathology, microbiology, and various clinical subjects such as internal medicine, surgery, pediatrics, gynecology, and psychiatry.

Clinical training is a critical component of the M.B.B.S. program. Students rotate through different specialties, gaining hands-on experience in real healthcare settings, from hospitals to clinics. This practical exposure helps them develop clinical acumen, interpersonal skills, and the ability to apply theoretical knowledge to patient care.

One of the unique aspects of the M.B.B.S. program is its emphasis on holistic healthcare. Students not only learn about diagnosing and treating diseases but also about preventive medicine, public health, and ethical practices. This holistic approach prepares future doctors to consider the broader health and well-being of their patients and communities.

Upon successful completion of the M.B.B.S. program, graduates are eligible to take the Medical Council of India (MCI) screening test, now known as the National Exit Test (NEXT). Passing this exam is a prerequisite for obtaining a license to practice medicine in India. Graduates can then pursue further specialization through postgraduate programs such as Doctor of Medicine (M.D.) or Master of Surgery (M.S.) in various medical fields.

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  • Doctor of Medicine (M.D.): M.D. programs allow students to specialize in areas like internal medicine, pediatrics, dermatology, psychiatry, and more. These specialists diagnose and treat complex medical conditions within their chosen field. For example, an M.D. in Pediatrics focuses on child healthcare, while an M.D. in Dermatology specializes in skin disorders.

  • Master of Surgery (M.S.): M.S. programs are geared toward surgical specializations, including general surgery, orthopedics, ophthalmology, and ENT (Ear, Nose, and Throat). Surgeons perform surgical procedures to treat diseases, injuries, and deformities.

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology (OB-GYN): This specialization focuses on women's reproductive health, including pregnancy, childbirth, and gynecological conditions. OB-GYNs play a vital role in maternal and child healthcare.

  • Cardiology: Cardiologists specialize in diagnosing and treating heart-related diseases. With the rising prevalence of heart conditions, cardiologists are in high demand.

  • Neurology: Neurologists deal with disorders of the nervous system, including the brain and spinal cord. They diagnose and manage conditions like epilepsy, Parkinson's disease, and strokes.

  • Radiology: Radiologists use medical imaging techniques like X-rays, CT s...

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Colleges Offering MBBS - Bachelor of Medicine & Bachelor of Surgery

Eligibility Criteria

  • Educational Qualifications: Candidates must have completed their 10+2 education with science subjects, including Physics, Chemistry, and Biology. Some institutions may require a minimum aggregate score in these subjects.

  • Age Limit: The candidate should typically be at least 17 years old at the time of admission. There is often no upper age limit, but it can vary by state or institution.

  • National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET): In recent years, NEET has become the mandatory entrance examination for admission to M.B.B.S. programs across India. Candidates must qualify for NEET with a minimum cutoff score to be eligible for admission.

  • Domicile Requirements: Some states have domicile requirements, meaning a certain percentage of seats are reserved for residents of that state. Non-residents may be eligible for a limited number of seats in the...

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Skills required for MBBS - Bachelor of Medicine & Bachelor of Surgery Course
  • Scientific Knowledge and Aptitude
  • Critical Thinking and Problem Solving
  • Empathy and Communication Skills
  • Attention to Detail and Precision
  • Resilience and Emotional Intelligence
  • Teamwork and Collaboration
  • Time Management and Organization
  • Ethical and Professional Conduct


  • Clinical Practice: The primary path for M.B.B.S. graduates is clinical practice. They can work in hospitals, clinics, or set up their private practices as general practitioners, treating a wide range of medical conditions.

  • Specializations: M.B.B.S. graduates can pursue specializations in fields like surgery, pediatrics, cardiology, radiology, dermatology, and more. This opens up opportunities for specialized clinical practice and higher earning potential.

  • Teaching and Research: Many M.B.B.S. graduates choose to enter academia. They can become professors or researchers in medical colleges, contributing to medical knowledge and training the next generation of doctors.

  • Public Health: With increasing emphasis on public health, M.B.B.S. graduates can work in government health departments, NGOs, or international organizations, focusing on disease c...

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  • 1st Year
  • 2nd Year
  • 3rd Year
  • 4th Year
  • Anatomy
  • Physiology
  • Biochemistry


What is M.B.B.S. and how is it different from other medical degrees?

M.B.B.S. stands for Bachelor of Medicine & Bachelor of Surgery, and it's a primary medical degree in many countries. It combines the study of medicine and surgery and serves as the foundation for a medical career.

How long does it take to complete M.B.B.S. in India?

In India, M.B.B.S. typically takes five and a half years of classroom and clinical training, followed by a one-year internship.

What are the entrance exams required for M.B.B.S. admission in India?

Common entrance exams for M.B.B.S. in India include NEET (National Eligibility cum Entrance Test) and AIIMS (All India Institute of Medical Sciences) entrance exams.

What career opportunities are available after completing M.B.B.S.?

After completing M.B.B.S., graduates can pursue various career paths, such as becoming a doctor in a hospital, working in research, specializing in a medical field, or teaching medicine at universities.